What is hyperthyroidism? Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

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In this blog, I give you information regarding hyperthyroidism symptoms. Hyperthyroidism means increased secretion of thyroid hormones.

I will give you information in such a way that you will never forget this disease. If you not read my blog on topic of normal functioning of thyroid gland than go through once. Once you understand normal functioning of thyroid gland than you logically understand what happen if thyroid hormone increases.

SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTHYROIDISM

  1. ACTION ON CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

    central nervous system

    This hormone stimulate brain and increases flow of blood to brain.It also helps us for normal sleep pattern. So,when this hormone level increases, it stimulate brain more and more. So, patient suffer from

  • Anxiety 
  • Irritability
  • Psychosis
  • Sleepy but can not sleep
  1. ACTION ON CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

    Heart (hyperthyroidism)

Thyroid hormone have effect on heart. It maintains heart rate, it increases force of contraction of the heartnormally. When this hormone increases heart may become weak due to excess activity and protein catabolism. Due to increasing this hormone patient may suffer from problems like

  • Tachycardia – increasing pulse
  • Palpitation
  • Systolic hypertension
  • Cardiac failure
  • Oedema
  • Dyspnoea
  1. ACTION ON GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

    Gastrointestinal tract (hyperthyroidism)

    Normally this hormone increases the appetite and also increases secretion and movements of GI tract. When hormonal level is increased in hyperthyroidism, symptoms appear like

  • Increase appetite
  • Diarrhoea
  • Steaatorrhoea
  1. ACTION ON SEXUAL FUNCTION

For normal sexual functions, normal thyroid hormone level is necessary. If hyperthyroidism occur, it causes symptoms like

  • Amenorrhoea or oligomenorrhea
  • Infertility
  • Spontaneous abortion
  • Impotence
  • Loss of sexual desire
  1. ACTION ON BLOOD

    polycythemia (hyperthyroidism)

    Thyroxine accelerates erythropoietic activity and increases blood volume. If person suffering from hyperthyroidism, than body produce more and more red blood cells called

  •  Polycythemia disease
  1. ACTION ON SKELETON MUSCLE

Thyroxine is essential for the normal activity of skeleton muscles. If thyroxine level increases it makes the muscles to work with more vigor. In hyperthyroidism muscles become weak due to protein catabolism. In hyperthyroidism suffer from problems like

  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Fine muscular tremor, tremors occurs  at the frequency of 10 to 15 times per second.
  1. ACTION ON BODY TEMPERATURE

    feverish feeling (hyperthyroidism)

    Thyroid hormone increases heat production in the body, by accelerating various cellular metabolic processes. You can logically think that what happen if thyroid hormone level increases, obviously it produces more heat. So,patient having symptoms like

  • Heat intolerance
  • Feverish feeling
  • Sweating
  1. ACTION ON BODY WEIGHT

    weight loss (hyperthyroidism)

This is most important point. This is characteristic point where doctor doubts on patient and do thyroid report. If patient say that I loses 4-5 kg weight within few days than it indicate to check thyroid blood reports.

Thyroxine maintains body weight.If hormonal level increases it decreases body weight and fat storage. So, in hyperthyroidism patient have symptoms of

  • Weight lose

  1. ACTION OF FAT METABOLISM

If there is any doubt regarding body weight than it will be clear here in fat metabolism. Thyroxine convert fat into free fatty acid and transported to blood.

When thyroid hormone increased than it convert more fat into free fatty acids. Which decreases fat storage and so weight lose in hyperthyroidism.

  1. OTHER SYMPTOMS

  • Alopecia
  • Excessive lacrimation
  • Osteoporosis                  

Here, I can explain direct points which are related to Hypothyroidism symptoms but it may be difficult for you to understand. So, I explain in detail.Hope this blog will be helpful to you.

Kindly mail me or comment me, if you have any kind of query.You can also watch my video of this topic given below.