Hepatitis A – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

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In this blog I will give you information about Hepatitis A. It is caused by hepatitis A virus(HAV).

hepatitis A
case of jaundice caused by hepatitis A

Hepat = Liver
Itis.     = Inflammation

It means that hepatitis is the inflammation of liver. I will give you information in such a way that you can understand easily.

There are 5 viruses that causes hepatitis named as Hepatitis virus A,B,C,D,E.

Hepatitis A & Hepatitis E have common features so once you understand hepatitis A at same time you understand 90% part of hepatitis E.

  • Both are RNA viruses
  • It spread by faecal oral route
  • Mostly acute and self-limiting with no progression to chronic liver disease

We learn this topic in below format.

  • causes
  • symptoms
  • diagnosis
  • treatment and management
  • prophylaxis 

CAUSES

Hepatitis A disease is caused by Hepatitis A virus (HAV).

The main route of transmission is faecal oral route, occasionally HAV is transmitted by blood products or through illicit use of injectable drugs.

Faecal oral route means if anyone have hepatitis disease and after going toilet he does not clean his hand properly and touch some food or water than that material is infected by this virus.

If somebody drink that water or eat that infected food than he/she will also suffer from this disease within 2 to 6 weeks.

This type of problem occurs mostly in areas of overcrowding and poor sanitation.

SYMPTOMS

Hepatits is that kind of disease in which some have symptoms & some may not have any symptoms. Many cases have few or mo symptoms, especially in young. 

The risk of symptomatic infection is directly related with age. Mostly children having either asymptomatic or unrecognized infections. More than 80% of adults having mild symptoms. Acute liver failure may rarely occur, it is more common in old age.

Symptoms usually last less than 2 months, although it may be lasts for upto 6 months.If symptoms arises, that are as mention below.

  1. Loss of appetite
  2. Nausea vomiting
  3. Abdominal pain 
  4. Fever
  5. Headache,bodyache
  6. Jaundice
  7. Dark coloured urine and pale stool
  8. Paleness of skin

DIAGNOSIS

It’s simply done by urine & blood tests

  •  Urine report
  •  Serum bilirubin level increase
  •  SGPT & SGOT level increase
  •  Specific diagnosis of acute hepatitis is based on detection of IgM antibody To HAV

MANAGEMENT & TREATMENT

  1. Completely bed rest 
  2. Avoid physical activity 
  3. Diet – light diet.Avoid fried and spicy
  4. Should take more fluid 
  5. drink boiled water 
  6. avoid alcohol 
  7. avoid medicines which harm liver 

PROPHYLAXIS

Prevention is better than cure.

  • Hepatitis A vaccine is available in market for prevention of this disease. Two doses needed for long lasting protection, minimum six months gap needed between 2 doses. First dose is given at 1 year of age. 
  • Vaccine given to them who does not previously immunised & are at higher risk for contracting disease.
  • It spread by faecal oral route so hygiene must be maintain to avoid this kind of disease. Must clean hand after toilet and must hand wash before eating.
  • Sanitasition is most important measure in prevention of disease; it contain proper disposal of human waste, best water supply, improve personal hygiene and sanitory food preparation.

    Hope this article is helpful to you. If you have any kind of query kindly message or mail