Understand 9 Important Functions of Blood

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In this blog, we learn about Functions of Blood. It is very important & interesting topic. Blood is a connective tissue in fluid form.

functions of blood
blood

It is known as “fluid of life” because it carries oxygen from lungs to all parts of the body and carbon dioxide from all parts of the body to the lungs.

It is known as “fluid of growth” because it carries nutritive substance & maintain our growth.

Blood is known as “fluid of health” because it protects our body from bacteria, virus, etc. It also transport the waste material to excretory organ like kidney.

Blood volume in adultapprox 5 litre
Blood volume in newbornapprox 450 ml

We learn functions of blood in below format. I made sequence in such a way that you will remember all 9 points easily.

  • Body needs

  1. Oxygen – Respiratory function
  2. Nutrition function
  3. Hormones & enzymes transport
  4. Storage function (It maintains)
  5. Water balance
  6. Acid base balance
  7. Body temperature (To fights against enemy)
  8. Excretory function
  9. Defensive function

1RESPIRATORY FUNCTION

It carries oxygen from lungs to all over body & carbon dioxide from all over body to lungs. This way, it plays important role in transporting respiratory gases.

2NUTRITIVE FUNCTION

We need nutrition to survive & it is complex procedure in our body regarding this.

What we eat, it digested in gastrointestinal tract. From there blood absorbs the nutrition like glucose, amino acids, lipids, vitamins, etc.

These nutrition send to the required parts in body by blood. So, blood plays very important function of nutrition.

3TRANSPORT OF HORMONES & ENZYME

Hormones are secreted by endocrine gland like thyroid gland, pancreas, etc. 

These glands releases hormone directly in the blood. The blood transports these hormones to their target organs/tissues.

Blood also transports enzyme.

4STORAGE FUNCTION

Water and many substances like glucose, proteins, sodium, potassium are constantly require to the tissue.

Blood serves as a readymate source of these substances & supply constantly.

Moreover, storage of these substances will be useful in conditions like starvation, fluid loss, electrolyte loss, etc.

5REGULATION OF WATER BALANCE

Water content of the blood is freely interchangeable with interstitial fluid. So, as per need blood can take water or remove water when needed. This helps in the regulation of water content in our body.

6REGULATION OF ACID BASE BALANCE

Plasma protein and haemoglobin asc as buffers and help in the regulation of acid base balance.

regulation of body temperature

7REGULATION OF BODY TEMPERATURE 

When body temperature is too low, the tiny blood vessels near the surface of the skin constrict (vaso-constriction). It decreases the blood flow near the surface of the skin so less heat is lost through radiation.

When body temperature is too high, the capillaries dilate (vasodilation), which increases blood flow near the surface of the skin and so more heat is lost through radiation.

This way the balance between heat loss and heat gain, it helps in maintaining the body temperature.

8EXCRETORY FUNCTION

What happen if waste products remains inside our body? Definitely we can not survive.

Blood carries all the waste product to the excretory organ like kidney, liver, skin, etc. for excretion.

9DEFENSIVE FUNCTION

As we all know that blood have white blood cells(WBC), which are our soldier.

Parts of WBC like neutrophil, monocytes engulf the bacteria by phagocytosis. Lymphocytes gives us immunity. Eosinophil are responsible for removes toxins & foreign protein.

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