In this blog, we learn about Domperidone medicine which is sold under brand names like domstal, vomistop, motilium, etc. Domperidone medicine is antiemetic, it means it use to relieve nausea & vomiting due to many conditions. It is available in tablet & suspension form.
In 1974, Domperidone synthesized at Janssen Pharmaceutical following the research on antipsychotic drugs.
We learn this topic in below format
INDICATION OF DOMPERIDONE
This medicine is useful to treat & relieve nausea & vomiting due to any cause, mention below
- Nausea or vomiting due to any medicine
- After operation
- Due to radiation
- peptic ulcer
- reflux oesophagitis
- diabetic gastroparesis
- functional dyspepsia
- adjuvant in vertigo with nausea
It is more important than indication. We must know the conditions in which we should avoid this medicine.
- Gastro intestinal obstruction
- Gastro intestinal perforation
- Hypersensitivity to this molecule
- Extrapyramidal symptoms
DOSAGE OF DOMPERIDONE
Dosage may depend on severity of complain, age & weight. Kindly follow your doctor advise for dosage.
10-20mg three to four time in a day before meal
0.3mg/kg body weight per dose
10kg child – 3mg three time in a day
20 kg child – 6mg three time in a day
Onset of effect of domperidone starts within 1 hour after taking it & effect last for approx 6 hours after taking it.
Each & every molecule which have effect also have side-effect. But, it not occurs to everyone. It occurs to only who have sensitivity to particular molecule.
If adverse effect occurs, that may be one of below
- Drowsiness & extra pyramidal reaction
- Galactorrhea (raised serum prolactin)
- Muscle spasm
- Rashes over body
- Breast enlargement
- Constipation or diarrhoea
- Hypertensive crisis in patient with pheochromocytoma
- Use cautiously in kidney disease
- Cautiously use in predisposition to cardicac arrythmias or hypocalaemia
MECHANISM OF ACTION
Domperidone antagonises D2 receptor & it antagonizes the inhibitory effect of dopamine. It results into stimulation of gastric muscle contraction. Due to that we get relief in nausea & vomiting.
BRAND NAMES & STRENTH
It is available in market under brand names like Domstal, Vomistop, Motilium, etc.
10mg per ml oral drop
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