In this blog, we learn about Cetirizine medicine which is sold under brand name of piriteze, zirtek, zyrtec, alerid, etc. Cetirizine is antihistaminic medicine which use to treat any kind of allergy, running nose, etc.
We learn this medicine in below format
- Mechanism of action
- Onset of effect
- Adverse effect
- Special precaution
INDICATION OF CETIRIZINE
Cetirizine is useful in below conditions
MECHANISM OF ACTION
Cetirizine medicine is antihistaminic which decreases the activity at histamine H1 receptors.
DOSAGE OF CETIRIZINE
10mg once in day in evening
5mg twice in a day
There is no known contraindication. It should be avoid to those who have hypersensitivity to cetirizine hydroxyzine.
ONSET OF EFFECT
SIDE-EFFECT OF CETIRIZINE
Each & every molecule which have effect, it has also side-effect. We can not deny adverse effect or side-effect. But it is not happen to everybody, it only occurs to someone who have sensitivity to particular molecule.
If patient have known sensitivity to any medicine, than they should show it to your consulting doctor.
If adverse effect occurs than it may be one of below
- Sleepiness, drowsiness, sedation, confusion
- Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea
- Epigasttic pain
- Dry mouth
- Once you take this medicine, it may be cause sleepiness, drowsiness or confusion. So, one should not drive the vehicle or after taking this medicine. Also not to operate heavy machinery or take all care that if he becomes drowsy than there is no harm to him.
- Use with care in patient who have liver & kidney problem
BRAND NAMES & STRENTH
This medicine is available in market with brand name like piriteze, zirtek, zyrtec, alerid, etc.
This medicine is available in tablet form in below strenth
5mg per 5ml syrup
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