Cefpodoxime antibiotic : Indication, Dosage, Side-effects


Today in this blog, we learn about cefpodoxime antibiotic. Cefpodoxime is an oral, third generation cephalosporin antibiotic.

cephaosporin antibiotic

Antibiotic means medicine which inhibit growth or destroy of bacteria. There are many antibiotics available today in market. It is differenciate under groups.

Cephalosporin group of antibiotics contain medicines like cefixime, cefpodoxime, ceftriaxone,  cefuroxime, cephalaxin, etc.

Cefpodoxime medicine is patent in 1980 & medicinal use starts from 1989. So it’s not too old contain, it is in routine use since 31 years.

We learn this content in below format,


Cefpodoxime is used on both gram +ve & gram -ve bacteria. It act as a bactericidal & also not allow bacterial wall synthesis so bacteria can not grow after taking this medicine. It used in below conditions.

  1. Respiratory tract infection (RTI)
    It is used on both Upper & lower respiratory infections like tonsillitis, pharyngitis,pneumonia,sinusitis, etc
  2. Urinary tract infections (UTI)
  3. Ear – Acute otitis media
  4. Gonorrhoea – sexual transmitted disease
  5. Skin & soft tissue infection


Cefpodoxime proxetil is a prodrug of active metabolite cefpodoxime. It is bactericidal and inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis. It inhibits transpeptidase enzyme.

Cefpodoxime has activity against community acquired upper and lowe respiratory tract pathogens like streptococcus pneumococci, H.influenzae and M.catarrhalis.


Once you choose the proper medicine than next important point is to give in proper dosage.

Approximately 10mg/kg/day in two divided dose it is given.

For eg.

10 KG child 100mg/day 50mg + 50mg
20 KG child 200mg/day 100mg + 100mg
40kg or more 400mg/day 200mg + 200mg

This way dosage is calculate. If weight is more than 40KG than also dosage will be same as above mention.


Each & every molecule which have effect, it has also side-effect. We can not deny adverse effect or side-effect. But it is not happen to everybody, it only occurs to someone who have sensitivity to particular molecule.

It is patient’s responsibility that they should bring sensitivity report with them if any, while consulting doctor.

If adverse effect occur, that may like as below.

  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headache
  • Rarely hypersensitivity reaction
  • Thrombocytopenia, leucopenia or eosinophilia


  • Use cautionly in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to penicillins,cephalosporin and other beta-lactam antibiotics. If patient have allergy to other cephalosporin group of antibiotic than use this medicine cautionly.
  • If patient is suffering from pseudomembranous colitis than patient may suffering from diarrhoea after giving this medicine.
  • Give this medicine to lactating or pregnant women if it clearly indicated.


Cefpodoxime molecule is available in different power.

  • 25mg /ml drop
  • 50mg tablet & liquid
  • 100mg tablet & liquid
  • 200mg the tablet

It available with different brand names as below

  • Macpod
  • Zedocef
  • Xop
  • Gudcef, etc.

Hope this article is helpful to you. Kindly comment me if you have any kind of query & to watch video on same contain click below link.