In this article, we learn about causes of epistaxis. Epistaxis also known as nosebleeds in which bleeding occur from nose. There are many causes of nasal bleeding. Here we learn in such a manner that you can understand and remember easily.
- Trauma or injury to nose
In case of nose bleeds, first doctor do local examination of nose. Is there any injury to nose or not?. If patient having any kind of injury than, it is the reason behind epistaxis.
- Tumour in nose
Doctor will do local examination, if any polyp or tumour seen inside nose. Than it may be the cause of nose bleeds.
It means inflammation inside nose. Symptoms appear like running nose, sneezing, itching, nasal congestion. There may be chances of nasal bleeding, if rhinitis persist for more days.
It means inflammation of sinuses, resulting in thick nasal mucus, plugged nose and facial pain. Causes behind sinusitis are inffection, allergy or structural problem in the nose. Mostly it caused by viral infection.
It is bacterial infection of throat. Initial symptoms are fever, beginning of sore throat.
In below fever condition nasal bleeding may occur.
It is bacterial fever caused by salmonella typhi. In this fever, there is marked decreases of white blood cells(WBC) and platelet. Due to low platelet count, there may be bleeding from nose.
Its caused by female anopheles mosquito. Symptoms includes fever with severe chill, bodyache, headache, etc. In this fever, white blood cells(WBC), red blood cells(RBC), platelet count from blood decreases. When there is very low platelet count remains in blood, there is chances of epistaxis.
- Viral fever
It may be due low platelet count in viral infection. If having nasal congestion, cold and sinus infection during viral fever, it may also cause nose bleeds.
It is highly contagious viral infection caused by measels virus. Symptoms include fever, conjuctivitis, cold-cough, rashes over body, etc. Here, also blood count decreases, which causes episataxis.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
There is possibility of nosebleeds because blood vessels in nose to be more susceptible to damage and increase bleeding time.
If we not find any causes as describe above than we must rule out blood related diseases. For that we need to do below blood reports
- Complete Blood Count (CBC)
- Bleeding time(BT)
- Clotting time (CT)
By that reports, mostly we can conclude that is there any blood related disease or not?
Low platelet count
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
If platelet count is very low and other report suggest for this condition, than diagnosis made accordingly.
With help of other reports diagnosis can be made.
- aplastic anaemia
- Glanzmann’s thrombasthenia
- Von willebrand’s disease
We also need to rule out these causes also
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
If person having vitamin B12 deficiency, than he has symptoms like numbness in hand and leg.
This way Causes of Epistaxis topic is very short & important topic.
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